Where is Tonga Located?© TongaPocketGuide.com
Where is Tonga Located?

Where is Tonga Located?

© TongaPocketGuide.com

Where is Tonga?

Discovering Tonga has to start somewhere and its location is as good as any… So, where is Tonga located? Tonga is a country in the Oceania continent. It’s located in the South Pacific Ocean, about 2,000 km (1,250 mi) northeast of New Zealand and 5,000 km (3,100 mi) southwest of Hawaii and huddled among other South Pacific nations, such as Fiji, Wallis and Futuna, Samoa, American Samoa and Niue.

Tonga is made up of 169 islands with a total land area of 750 km² (290 mi²) scattered over 700,000 km² (270,000 mi²) of the Pacific Ocean. We’ll go through all of those geographical features and more in this quick guide answering the question, where is Tonga located?

Quick Facts About Tonga

Where is Tonga Located?© TongaPocketGuide.com

Where is Tonga on the World Map?

Tonga is located on the Oceania continent in the Southern Hemisphere. The country is situated in the South Pacific Ocean with the country’s main island, Tongatapu, located about 2,000 km (1,250 mi) northeast of New Zealand, 3,300 km (2,050 mi) northeast of Australia, and 5,000 km (3,100 mi) southwest of Hawaii. Tonga is also 2,350 km (1,460 mi) south of the Equator.

The South Pacific Islands Near Tonga

Tonga is also situated between other South Pacific Islands, with Fiji 470 km (290 mi) to the west, Wallis and Futuna 650 km (400 mi) to the northwest, Samoa and American Samoa 560 km (350 mi) to the north, and Niue 450 km (280 mi) to the east.

Where is Tonga Located?© TongaPocketGuide.com

How Big is Tonga?

Tonga covers a land area of approximately 750 km² (290 mi²) and some 700,000 km² (270,000 mi²) of ocean.

There are 169 islands that make up Tonga with Tongatapu being the largest island at around 257 km2 (99 mi²).

Learn more about the biggest islands in our list, The 10 Largest Islands in Tonga.

Where is Tonga Located?© TongaPocketGuide.com

Geography of Tonga

Tonga is made up of 169 islands split into five island groups: Tongatapu and ‘Eua to the south, Ha’apai and Vava’u in the middle, and The Niuas to the north. Tongatapu is approximately 600 km (370 mi) south of Niuafo’ou in The Niuas. Learn more about the island groups in A Guide to the Island Groups and Regions in Tonga.

Geologically, most of Tonga’s islands are uplifted coral-formed islands, while others are volcanic islands with a limestone overlay.

The nation’s highest peak, the volcanic islands of Kao is in the Ha’apai island group and rises 1,030 m (3,379 ft).

Where is Tonga Located?© TongaPocketGuide.com

Frequently Asked Questions About the Location of Tonga

Finally, here are the answers to some of the most popular questions on the internet about the location of Tonga.

What Country is Tonga Owned By?

Tonga is an independent and sovereign nation and therefore Tonga is its own country. However, it is a member of the British Commonwealth.

Where is Tonga Located from New Zealand?

From New Zealand, Tonga is located approximately 2,000 km (1,250 mi) northeast.

Does Tonga Belong to New Zealand?

No, Tonga does not belong to New Zealand, nor is it a state in free association with New Zealand like the neighbouring Cook Islands and Niue. Tonga is an independent nation. Although Tonga is a member of the British Commonwealth, it is one of the only South Pacific Islands to not officially be colonised.

Is Tonga a Country, Yes or No?


What is the Capital of Tonga?

The capital of Tonga is Nuku’alofa. Nuku’alofa is located on Tonga’s southern island, Tongatapu.

More About Where Tonga is Located

That’s it for our guide on where Tonga is located but by no means the end of our interesting facts about the islands. In fact, we have more articles for your reading pleasure:

And if you’re planning a trip to Tonga, don’t miss our 30 Tips for Travelling in Tonga.


Robin (Lopini) C.

This article was reviewed and published by Robin, the co-founder of Tonga Pocket Guide. He has lived, worked and travelled across 16 different countries before settling in the South Pacific, so he knows a thing or two about planning the perfect trip in this corner of the world. Robin works and consults regularly with the Ministry of Tourism of Tonga. Robin is also the co-founder of several other South Pacific travel guides and is a regular host of webinars with the South Pacific Tourism Organisation.

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